Pleosporales » Roussoellaceae » Cytoplea

Cytoplea arundinicola

Cytoplea arundinicola Bizz. & Sacc., in Bizzozero, Atti Inst. Veneto Sci., lett. ed Arti, Sér. 6 3: 307 (1885).

            Index Fungorum number: IF 221005; Facesoffungi number:FoF 11716 , Fig. 1

Description: see Sutton (1980) and Hyde et al. (1996).

Material examined: see Sutton (1980) and Hyde et al. (1996).

Fig. 1 Cytoplea spp. (re-drawn from Sutton 1980). a, b Cytoplea orientalis. c, d C. arundinacea. a, c Different stages of conidiogenesis. b, d Conidia. Scale bars: a–d = 10 μm.

Importance and distribution

There are 28 Cytoplea epithets in Index Fungorum (2022), but several species have been transferred to Aplosporella, Coniella, Coniothyrium, Cyclothyriella, Hypoderma and Phoma. Cytoplea has a wide host range on Acacia modesta (Fabaceae), Adenia sp. (Passifloraceae), Albizia julibrissin (Fabaceae), Arundo donax (Poaceae), Bambusa sp. (Poaceae), parasitic on Hypoxylon sp. (Hypoxylaceae), Mangifera indica (Anacardiaceae), Morus alba (Moraceae), Phoenix sp. (Arecaceae), Phragmites karka (Poaceae), Phyllostachys edulis (Poaceae), Poncirus trifoliata (Rutaceae), Viburnum grandiflorum (Adoxaceae), Wisteria sp. (Fabaceae) and Ziziphus sativa (Rhamnaceae). Cytoplea has been recorded from Asia (Armenia, Hong Kong, Japan, Korea, Myanmar, Pakistan), Europe (France, Italy), Oceania (Papua New Guinea), South Africa and the United States (Pennsylvania).



Hyde KD, Eriksson OE, Yue JZ. 1996 Roussoëlla, an ascomycete genus of uncertain relationships with a Cytoplea anamorph. Mycological Research 100, 1522−1528.

Liu JK, Phookamsak R, Dai DQ, Tanaka K et al. 2014 – Roussoellaceae, a new pleosporalean family to accommodate the genera Neoroussoella gen. nov., Roussoella and Roussoellopsis. Phytotaxa 181, 1–33.

Petrak F, Sydow H. 1927 – Die Gattungen der Pyrenomyzeten, Sphaeropsideen und Melanconieen. I. Die phaeosporen Sphaeropsideen und die Gattung Macrophoma. Feddes Repertorium Beiheft 42, 1–551.

Sutton BC. 1980 – The Coelomycetes: Fungi imperfecti with pycnidia, acervular and stromata. Commonwealth Mycological Institute, Kew, Surrey, England.

Verkley GJM, Crous PW, Groenewald JZ, Braun U, Aptroot A. 2004 – Mycosphaerella punctiformis revisited: morphology, phylogeny, and epitypification of the type species of the genus Mycosphaerella (Dothideales, Ascomycota). Mycological Research 108, 1271–1282.

Wijayawardene NN, Crous PW, Kirk PM, Hawksworth DL et al. 2014 – Naming and outline of Dothideomycetes-2014 including proposals for the protection or suppression of generic names. Fungal diversity 69, 1–55.


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