Cytoplea arundinicola Bizz. & Sacc., in Bizzozero, Atti Inst. Veneto Sci. lett., ed Arti, Sér. 6 3: 307 (1885).
Index Fungorum number: IF 221005; Facesoffungi number: FoFxxx, Fig. 1
Description: see Sutton (1980) and Hyde et al. (1996).
Material examined: see Sutton (1980) and Hyde et al. (1996).
Figure. 1. Cytoplea spp. (re-drawn from Sutton, 1980) a, b Cytoplea orientalis. c, d C. arundinacea. a, c Different stages of conidiogenesis. b, d Conidia. Scale bars: a–d = 10 μm.
Importance and role
Importance of genus to ecosystem
Species of Cytoplea are saprobic and helps in decomposition of organic matter in the ecosystem. Some taxa are endophytic and helps in plant health.
Industrial relevance and applications
The industrial use of Cytoplea has not been reported. Some taxa such as Cytoplea parasitica is parasitic on other fungus, Hypoxylon rubiginosum hence may act as a biocontrol agent. This warrants further research.
No disease has been reported from Cytoplea.
Biochemical importance of the genus, chemical diversity or applications
The chemical diversity of Cytoplea has not been investigated.
Diversity of the genus
Even though there are 28 Cytoplea epithets in Index fungorum, the real number of species is less as several species have been synonymized and transferred to other genera such as Aplosporella, Coniella, Coniothyrium, Cyclothyriella, Hypoderma and Phoma. Cytoplea has wide host range such as Acacia modesta (Fabaceae), Adenia sp. (Passifloraceae), Albizia julibrissin (Fabaceae), Arundo donax (Poaceae), Bambusa sp. (Poaceae), Parasitic in Hypoxylon sp. (Hypoxylaceae), Mangifera indica (Anacardiaceae), Morus alba (Moraceae), Phoenix sp. (Arecaceae), Phragmites karka (Poaceae), Phyllostachys edulis (Poaceae), Poncirus trifoliata (Rutaceae), Viburnum grandiflorum (Adoxaceae), Wisteria sp. (On dead stems) (Fabaceae), Ziziphus sativa (Rhamnaceae). Cytoplea has wide geographical location such as Armenia, Hong Kong, Italy, Japan, Korea, Myanmar, New Caledonia, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Pennsylvania, Southern Africa amongst others. Cytoplea seems to be a diverse genus and future studies are likely to discover more new species.