Paradictyoarthrinium diffractum Matsush., Matsush. Mycol. Mem. 9: 18 (1996)
Description: see Liu et al. (2015); Prabhugaonkar and Bhat et al. (2011); Doilom et al. (2017)
Material examined: see Liu et al. (2015); Prabhugaonkar and Bhat et al. (2011); Doilom et al. (2017)
Fig. 1. Paradictyoarthrinium diffractum (GUBH 136AP25; re-drawn from Prabhugaonkar and Bhat et al. 2011) a, b Conidiophores and conidia. Scale bars: a, b = 10 μm.
Importance and role
Importance of genus to ecosystem
Species of Paradictyoarthrinium are saprobic and may play a role in nutrient recycling in the ecosystem.
Industrial relevance and applications
No industrial application has been reported from Paradictyoarthrinium.
No biocontrol agent has been reported from Paradictyoarthrinium. Paradictyoarthrinium may have the ability to control some pathogens. Further studies are needed.
Biochemical importance of the genus, chemical diversity or applications
No chemical has been yet reported from Paradictyoarthrinium. Paradictyoarthrinium may produce important enzymes or toxins that needs further investigation.
Diversity of the genus
Paradictyoarthrinium comprises four species known on one host plant and family namely Lamiaceae. P. aquatica, P. diffractum and P. hydei have been found on decaying wood in the stream. Doilom et al. (2017) reported P. diffractum on T. grandis (Lamiaceae) while Matsushima reported P. diffractum on dead decaying spathe of Cocos nucifera (Arecaceae). Paradictyoarthrinium has been reported mainly from Northern Provinces, Thailand and Yunnan. Many hosts and regions are still understudied for the genus. More species of Paradictyoarthrinium can be discovered from comprehensive studies.