Nothophoma infossa (Ellis & Everh.) Qian Chen & L. Cai, in Chen, Jiang, Zhang, Cai & Crous, Stud. Mycol. 82: 213 (2015)
≡ Phoma infossa Ellis & Everh., J. Mycol. 4(10): 102 (1888)
Index Fungorum number: IF 814088; Facesoffungi number: FoF xxx, Fig. 1
Description: see Chen et al. (2015), Crous et al. (2017b); Marin-Felix et al. (2019)
Material examined: see Chen et al. (2015), Crous et al. (2017b); Marin-Felix et al. (2019)
Fig. 1. Nothophoma infossa (CBS 123395; redrawn from Chen et al. 2015) a Conidia. Scale bar = 10 µm.
Importance and role
Importance of genus to ecosystem
Species of Nothophoma exists as endophytes, pathogens or saprobes. As endophytes, they can grow inside the host plant, without any side effects on the host tissues. As pathogens, they can cause disease of plants which shows as leaf spots, stem cankers, brown spot of fruits, shoot canker amongst others (Chen et al. 2015). As saprobes, they are involved in decomposition of organic matter and take place in nutrient recycling in the ecosystem.
Industrial relevance and applications
There are currently no industrial applications of Nothophoma.
No biocontrol agent has been reported from Nothophoma. Nothophoma may have potential to control some pathogens. Further studies are needed.
Biochemical importance of the genus, chemical diversity or applications
The chemical diversity of Nothophoma has not been investigated.
Diversity of the genus
Nothophoma comprises eleven species known on several hosts and plant families namely Amaryllidaceae, Anacardiaceae, Apocynaceae, Asteraceae, Fabaceae, Fagaceae, Haemodoraceae, Malvaceae, Oleaceae, Rosaceae, Rhamnaceae and Rutaceae. Nothophoma has been reported from Arizona, Beijing, Maharashtra, New York, Saudi Arabia, South Carolina, Sri Lanka, Thailand and United States. Nothophoma seems to be a diverse genus. Many hosts and regions are still under studied for the genus. More species of Nothophoma can be discovered in future studies.