Calophoma clematidina (Thüm.) Qian Chen & L. Cai, in Chen, Jiang, Zhang, Cai & Crous, Stud. Mycol. 82: 192 (2015)
≡ Ascochyta clematidina Thüm., Bull. Soc. Imp. nat. Moscou 55: 98 (1880)
Index Fungorum number: IF 814136; Facesoffungi number: FoF xxx, Fig. 1
Description: see Chen et al. (2015)
Material examined: see Chen et al. (2015)
Fig. 1. Calophoma clematidina (CBS 108.79; redrawn from Chen et al. 2015) a Conidiogenous cells. b Conidia. Scale bars: a = 10 µm, b = 5 µm.
Importance and role
Importance of genus to ecosystem
Species of Calophoma are saprobic and play a role in nutrient recycling in the ecosystem. Some species are also pathogenic and cause disease on several hosts.
Industrial relevance and applications
There are currently no industrial applications of Calophoma.
No biocontrol agent has been reported from Calophoma. Calophoma causes Clematis wilt and is more likely to affect large-flowered varieties. Calophoma may be useful as biocontrol agent. Further studies are needed.
Biochemical importance of the genus, chemical diversity or applications
The chemical diversity of Calophoma has not been investigated.
Diversity of the genus
Calophoma comprises eleven species known on wide range of hosts such as Asteraceae, Cannabaceae, Ranunculaceae and Rosaceae. Calophoma has been reported mainly from Italy, Norway, Qinghai, Russia, Switzerland. Calophoma seems to be a diverse genus. More species of Calophoma can be discovered in future studies.