Monticola elongata Selbmann & Egidi, in Crous, Schumacher, Akulov, Thangavel, Hernández-Restrepo, Carnegie, Cheewangkoon, R; Wingfield, Summerell, Quaedvlieg, Coutinho, Roux, Wood, Giraldo & Groenewald, Fungal Systematics and Evolution 3: 128 (2019)
Index Fungorum number: IF 829410; Facesoffungi number: FoF xxx, Fig. 1
Description: see Crous et al. (2019)
Material examined: see Crous et al. (2019)
Fig. 1. Monticola elongata (CBS 136206, holotype; redrawn from Crous et al. 2019) a Micronematous conidiophores and arthroconidia. Scale bar: a = 10 µm
Importance and role
Importance of genus to ecosystem
Species of Monticola are rock-inhabiting fungi and lack sexual reproductive arrangements and form compact, melanised colonies on bare rock surfaces (Tesei et al. 2012). They are able to cope with diverse stressors determined by the usual conditions of bare rocks in hot and cold extreme milieus (Tesei et al. 2012).
Industrial relevance and applications
There are currently no industrial applications of Monticola. It is worth to screen cultures of Monticola in future studies as they may produce important compounds.
No biocontrol agent has been reported from Monticola. They may have the ability to control some pathogens as some rock-inhabiting fungi can also be ancestral to opportunistic pathogens (Gueidan et al. 2010). Further studies are needed.
Biochemical importance of the genus, chemical diversity or applications
The chemical diversity of Monticola.has not been investigated. Minutisphaera may produce important enzymes, chemicals and extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) (Gueidan et al. 2010). Future studies are needed.
Diversity of the genus
Monticola comprises only one species known from rock in Italy. Monticola is a poorly studied genus and more species can be discovered from future studies.
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