Ramichloridium apiculatum (J.H. Mill., Giddens & A.A. Foster) de Hoog, Stud. Mycol. 15: 69 (1977).
≡ Chloridium apiculatum J.H. Mill., Giddens & A.A. Foster, Mycologia 49(6): 789 (1958) .
Index Fungorum number: IF 322313; Facesoffungi number: FoFxxx, Fig. 1
Description: see Marin-Felix et al. (2019).
Material examined: see Marin-Felix et al. (2019).
Fig. 1. Ramichloridium apiculatum (a CBS 391.67, b. CBS 156.59, c. CBS 400.76, d. CBS 391.67, e. CBS 392.76; re-drawn from de Hoog 1977). a–c. Conidiophores giving rise to conidia. d, e. Conidia. Scale bars = 10 μm.
Importance and role
Importance of genus to ecosystem
Species of Ramichloridium are plant pathogenic causing sooty blotch and flyspeck diseases, especially on members of Rosaceae (Marin-Felix et al. 2019). One endophytic fungus, R. cerophilum is reported to promote the growth of non-mycorrhizal plant, Chinese cabbage (Xie et al. 2016).
Industrial relevance and applications
The industrial applications of Ramichloridium has not been investigated.
The biocontrol properties of Ramichloridium has not been reported. Ramichloridium may act as potential biological control agent for some pathogens. This warrants further studies.
Biochemical importance of the genus, chemical diversity or applications
The chemical application of Ramichloridium has not been studied. This warrants further studies.
Diversity of the genus
Even though there is 42 Ramichloridium epithets in Index fungorum, the real number of species is less as many species have been synonymized and transferred to other genera such as Globoramichloridium, Myrmecridium, Pachyramichloridium, Pleurothecium, Pseudoramichloridium, Radulidium, Radulidium, Rhinocladiella, Rhinocladiella, Veronaea and Zasmidium. Ramichloridium comprises 23 species known on several host plants such as Arecaceae, Asphodelaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Fagaceae, Lamiaceae, Malvaceae, Oleaceae, Pinaceae, Restionaceae, Rosaceae, Vitaceae, Zingiberaceae amongst others. Ramichloridium is reported from Australia, Canada, China, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, France, Germany, India, Italy Netherlands, Russia, South Africa, Sri Lanka amongst others. Ramichloridium has wide range of host and geographical distribution. More species of Ramichloridium can be discovered in future studies.