Capnodiales » Dissoconiaceae » Ramichloridium

Ramichloridium apiculatum

Ramichloridium apiculatum (J.H. Mill., Giddens & A.A. Foster) de Hoog, Stud. Mycol. 15: 69 (1977).

  Chloridium apiculatum J.H. Mill., Giddens & A.A. Foster, Mycologia 49(6): 789 (1958) [1957].

            Index Fungorum number: IF 322313; Facesoffungi number: FoF 09798,    Fig. 1

Description: see Marin-Felix et al. (2019).

Material considered: see Marin-Felix et al. (2019).

Fig. 1 Ramichloridium apiculatum (a CBS 391.67, b CBS 1559, c CBS 400.76, d CBS 391.67, e CBS 392.76; re-drawn from de Hoog 1977). a–c Conidiophores giving rise to conidia. d, e Conidia. Scale bar = 10 μm.

Importance and distribution

Ramichloridium species are plant pathogenic causing sooty blotch and flyspeck diseases, especially on members of Rosaceae (Marin-Felix et al. 2019). One endophytic species, R. cerophilum is reported to promote the growth of the non-mycorrhizal plant, Chinese cabbage (Xie et al. 2016). Although there are 42 Ramichloridium epithets in Index Fungorum, many species have been transferred to other genera such as Globoramichloridium, Myrmecridium, Pachyramichloridium, Pleurothecium, Pseudoramichloridium, Radulidium, Rhinocladiella, Veronaea and Zasmidium. Ramichloridium comprises 23 species known on Arecaceae, Asphodelaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Fagaceae, Lamiaceae, Malvaceae, Oleaceae, Pinaceae, Restionaceae, Rosaceae, Vitaceae and Zingiberaceae. Ramichloridium is reported from Asia (China, India, Russia, Sri Lanka), Australia, Caribbean (Cuba), Europe (Czechoslovakia, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands), North America (Canada) and South Africa.



Arzanlou M, Groenewald JZ, Gams W, Braun U, Shin HD, Crous PW. 2007 – Phylogenetic and morphotaxonomic revision of Ramichloridium and allied genera. Studies in Mycology 58, 57–93.

Cheewangkoon R, Groenewald JZ, Summerell BA, Hyde KD et al. 2009 – Myrtaceae, a cache of fungal biodiversity. Persoonia 23, 55–85.

Hoog GS de. 1977 – Rhinocladiella and allied genera. Studies in Mycology 15, 1–140.

Marin-Felix Y, Hernández-Restrepo M, Iturrieta-González I, García D et al. 2019 – Genera of phytopathogenic fungi: GOPHY 3. Studies in Mycology 94, 1–124.

Stahel G.1937 – The banana leaf speckle in Surinam caused by Chloridium musae nov. spec. and another related banana disease. Tropical Agriculture 14, 42-44.

Videira SIR, Groenewald JZ, Nakashima C, Braun U, Barreto RW, de Wit PJGM, Crous PW. 2017 – Mycosphaerellaceae - Chaos or clarity? Studies in Mycology 87, 257–421.

Xie L, Usui E, Narisawa K. 2016 – A endophytic fungus, Ramichloridium cerophilum, promotes growth of a non-mycorrhizal plant, Chinese cabbage. African Journal of Biotechnology 15, 1299–1305.


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