Neoscytalidium dimidiatum (Penz.) Crous & Slippers, in Crous, Slippers, Wingfield, Rheeder, Marasas, Phillips, Alves, Burgess, Barber & Groenewald, Stud. Mycol. 55: 244 (2006).
≡ Torula dimidiata Penz., in Saccardo, Michelia 2(no. 8): 466 (1887).
Index Fungorum number: IF 500869; Facesoffungi number: FoF xxx, Fig. 1
Description: see Crous et al. (2006); Nouri et al. (2018).
Material examined: see Crous et al. (2006); Nouri et al. (2018).
Fig. 1. Neoscytalidium dimidiatum a–d. (CBS 312.90; re-drawn from Crous et al. 2016). a. Neoscytalidium conidia. d. Conidiogenous cells of coelomycete synanamorph. c,d. Conidia of coelomycete synanamorph (arrows denote sheath). Scale bars = 5 μm. e–g. Neoscytalidium dimidiatum (redrawn from Nouri et al. 2014). e. scytalidium-like anamorph showing various shapes and maturity stages of arthroconidia segmenting from hyphae. e–f. fusicoccum-like pycnidial conidia (arrow showing sheath). Scale bars: e–g = 50 μm.
Importance and role
Importance of genus to ecosystem
Species of Neoscytalidium are pathogenic causing canker, shoot blight and fruit rot (Nouri et al. 2018).
Industrial relevance and applications
The industrial applications of Neoscytalidium has not been investigated.
No biological agent from Neoscytalidium has been reported.
Biochemical importance of the genus, chemical diversity or applications
The chemical application of Neoscytalidium has not been investigated. Neoscytalidium may produce important enzymes and toxins which are responsible to canker and dieback in several hosts (Fernández-Herrera et al. 2017). Some species of Neoscytalidium may also cause Dermatomycosis (Miqueleiz-Zapatero et al. 2016).
Diversity of the genus
Neoscytalidium comprises three species known from one host plant family namely Fabaceae. Neoscytalidium is reported from Thailand and Western Australia. Comprehensive studies are likely to discover more species of Neoscytalidium.