Neoscytalidium Crous & Slippers, Stud. Mycol. 55: 244 (2006).
Index Fungorum number: IF 500868; Facesoffungi number: FoF xx, 3 morphological species (Species fungorum 2021), 3 species with molecular data.
Pathogenic on host. Sexual morph: Unknown. Asexual morph: Conidia occurring in arthric chains in aerial mycelium, powdery to the touch, disarticulating, cylindrical–truncate, oblong–obtuse to doliiform, dark brown, thick-walled, 0–2-septate (Adapted from Crous et al. 2006).
Type species: Neoscytalidium dimidiatum (Penz.) Crous & Slippers
Notes: Neoscytalidium was introduced by Crous and Slippers (2006) with N. dimidiatum as type species. Neoscytalidium is characterized by conidia that become septate with a darker central cell. Species belonging to Neoscytalidium were previously introduced as Hendersonula toruloidea based on conidia that become septate with a darker central and formation of a Scytalidium-like synanamorph (Crous et al. 2006a). Crous et al. (2006a) re-introduced the current genus name and Madrida et al. (2009) provided important epitypifcations and synonymies. Neoscytalidium is a distinct and well-supported genus in Botryosphaeriaceae.