Xylariales » Xylariales, genus incertae sedis


Citation: Pem D et al. (2019) Mycosphere Notes 275-324: A morphotaxonomic revision and typification of obscure Dothideomycetes genera (incertae sedis). Mycosphere 10(1), 1115–1246


Botryohypoxylon Samuels & J.D. Rogers, Mycotaxon 25(2): 631 (1986)

Iledon Samuels & J.D. Rogers, Mycotaxon 25(2): 633 (1986)

Parasitic or lignicolous on trunks of dead tree. Sexual morph: Ascostromata rarely solitary, often cespitose in groups of 2–20 ascomata, ostiolate. Each ascoma arise on a cylindrical pedestal, globose with a tiny, acute papilla, only slightly wider than the pedestal, smooth, not collapsing when dry. Peridium with three discrete regions; outer region composed of cells of textura angularis, with long axes perpendicular to the surface of the ascomatal wall, individual cells with pigmented walls; middle region composed of cells of textura epidermoidea; inner region, the eel is fusoid, non- pigmented. Ascomatal apex composed of intertwined hyphae with lumens and pigmented with finger-like periphyses. Paraphyses forming a network between the asci, copious, branching, anastomosing, free ends not seen. Asci clavate, ascal cytoplasm abruptly narrowed below the ascospores at the point of dehiscence, dehiscing at the midpoint, forming a hymenium over the entire interior of the ascomatal wall, unitunicate with thin ectoascus and endoascus rather thick throughout the entire length of the ascus. Ascospores unicellular, hyaline when immature, dark brown, nearly opaque when mature, ellipsoidal. Asexual morph: Undetermined.


Type species – Botryohypoxylon amazonense Samuels & J.D. Rogers


Notes – Samuels & Rogers (1986) described the monotypic genus Botryohypoxylon with the type species B. amazonense, collected on trunks of dead trees in Amazonian Venezuela. Morphologically, this genus is distinct in its massive erumpent stroma which is accompanied by ‘eustromatic’ pycnidia with apparent phialides, unicellular ascospores, clavate, short-stipitate asci with a thin ectotunica and a thick endotunica, hamathecium consisting somewhat wide and branched pseudoparaphyses without free ends. The coelomycetous asexual state was observed in culture and described as Iledon. Botryohypoxylon is congeneric with Iledon (Index Fungorum 2019). Priority to the older sexual state was anticipated by Wijayawardene et al. (2014) and they proposed to use Botryohypoxylon over Iledon. The original author described Botryohypoxylon as unusual among bitunicate ascomycetes in having dark unicellular ascospores termed as an inconspicuous elongated germ-slit and has been found to have somewhat similar characteristics as Semidelitschia agasmatica (Cain & Luck-Allen 1969) and Loculohypoxylon grandineum (Berk & Rav.) Barr (Barr 1976). However, we re-examined the type specimen of Botryohypoxylon amazonense under the code NY02980804 and found that Botryohypoxylon has unitunicate rather than bitunicate asci. We therefore transfer the genus Botryohypoxylon to Xylariales, genera incertae sedis.




Barr ME. 1976 – Hypoxylon grandineum: a Loculoascomycete. Mycotaxon 3 (3), 325–329.

Cain RF, Luck-Allen ER. 1969 – Semidelitschia, a new genus of the Sporormiaceae. Mycologia 61, 580–585.

Index Fungorum. 2019 – http://www.indexfungorum.org/Names/Names.asp (Accessed 17 May 2019).

Samuels GJ, Rogers JD. 1986 – Botryohypoxylon gen. nov. and its anamorph, Iledon gen. nov. Mycotaxon 25, 629–637.

Wijayawardene NN, Crous PW, Kirk PM, Hawksworth DL et al. 2014b – Naming and outline of Dothideomycetes–2014 including proposals for the protection or suppression of generic names. Fungal Diversity 69, 1–5.


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