Sporormiella nigropurpurea Ellis & Everh., N. Amer. Pyren. (Newfield): 136 (1892).
Index Fungorum number: IF 415062; Facesoffungi number: FoFxxx, Fig. 1
Description: see Ahmed and Cain (1972).
Material examined: see Ahmed and Cain (1972).
Figure. 1. Sporormiella nigropurpurea (Ell. & Ev., type, NY, re-drawn from Figs. 53–55 in Ahmed & Cain, 1972). a Perithecium (× 40). b Asci (× 430). c Ascospores (× 920).
Importance and role
Importance of genus to ecosystem
Species of Sporormiella are saprobic and helps in decomposition of organic matter in the ecosystem.
Industrial relevance and applications
Sporormiella can be exploited for pharmaceutical and agricultural products. Krohn (1992) found an antifungal and herbicidal Lanostane Lactone from Sporormiella Australis. Hatori et al. (2004) reported a cholesterol synthesis inhibitor by Sporormiella minima No. 15604. Mudur et al. (2006) found Sporminarins A and B which have antifungal activities from Sporormiella minimoides.
No disease has been reported from Sporormiella.
Biochemical importance of the genus, chemical diversity or applications
Sporormiella produces several chemicals. Leyte-Lugo et al. (2013) reported Calmodulin inhibitors from the endophytic taxon Sporormiella minimoides. Other compounds reported from Sporormiella minimoides includes 4,9-dimethoxy-7-methyl-1H,6 H-benzo[de]isochromene-1,6-dione,4-hydroxy-3,6,9-trimethoxy-7-methyl-1H,3H-benzo[de]isochromen-1-one 5-hydroxy-2,7-dimethoxy-8-methylnaphthoquinone, brocaenol B, corymbiferone and ziganein (Leyte-Lugo et al., 2013). Xiong et al. (2014) reported Sporormiellin A, a tetrahydrofuran-fused furochromone with an unprecedented tetracyclic skeleton. Yang et al. (2016) reported a Xanthone Glycoside from the Endolichenic Fungus Sporormiella irregularis Yang et al. (2016) discovered Xanthone Glycoside from endolichenic fungus Sporormiella irregularis. Chen et al. (2019) reported other compounds such as spororrminone A, 1, (S)-5-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-oxo-2-((S)-5-oxotetrahydrofuran-2-yl) chroman-7-carboxylic acid), 2, (R)-5-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-oxo-2-((S)-5-oxotetrahydrofuran-2-yl) chroman-7-carboxylic acid) and 2-epi-spororrminone A from the endolichenic fungal strain Sporormiella irregularis.
Diversity of the genus
Even though there are 87 Sporormiella epithets in Index fungorum, the actual number of species is less. Several species have been synonymized and transferred to another genus Preussia. Sporormiella comprises 58 species known on Arundo donax (Poaceae), Commelina benghalensis (Commelinaceae), Cordia obliqua (Boraginaceae), Cynodon nlemfuensis (Poaceae), Ephedra nebrodensis (Ephedraceae), Forsythia suspensa (Oleaceae), Lagerstroemia parviflora (Lythraceae), Naringi crenulata (Rutaceae), Olea europaea (Oleaceae), Phragmites australis (Poaceae), Quercus ilex (Fagaceae), Rosmarinus officinalis (Lamiaceae), Scirpus maritimus (Cyperaceae), Stipa tenacissima (Poaceae), Syzygium cumini (Myrtaceae), Vitis vinifera (Vitaceae). Sporormiella is reported from Balearic Islands, China, Ecuador, England, Hong Kong, India, Kenya, Poland, South Africa and Spain. Sporormiella is a diverse genus and might comprise many more species. Since several species lack molecular data, many of them might not belong to Sporormiella. Discovery of more taxa with DNA sequence data will help to stabilize the taxonomy of the genus and clarity the relationship of Sporormiella to that of Preussia.