Pleosporales » Pleosporaceae

Gibbago

Citation: Pem D et al. (2019) Mycosphere Notes 275-324: A morphotaxonomic revision and typification of obscure Dothideomycetes genera (incertae sedis). Mycosphere 10(1), 1115–1246

 

Gibbago E.G. Simmons, Mycotaxon 27: 108 (1986)

Saprobic or pathogenic on leaves and wood. Sexual morph: Undetermined. Asexual morph: Conidiophores straight or curved, mostly unbranched or rarely branched, pale brown, septate and solitary or 24 loosely fasciculate, erect, simple with a single apical conidiogenous locus which proliferate by means of a secondary conidiophore that arises immediately below the apical cell of the existing conidiophore, septate, slightly pigmented. Conidiogenous cells swollen at the apex, holoblastic, polyblastic, sympodial, hyaline to medium or dark brown, with occasionally 1–5 apical proliferations. Conidia formed singly at the tip of conidiogenous cell, sometimes catenate, pale to dark brown with the densely pustular wall, mostly ovoid to oblong, rounded at the base and round to conical at the apex, initially solitary, ellipsoid, beakless, pigmented, becoming transversely and longitudinal septate, with apical cells swelling slightly and producing secondary conidia similar to initial ones with distinct constriction at the median septum (Simmons 1986).

Type species – Gibbago trianthemae E.G. Simmons

Notes – The monotypic genus Gibbago was introduced by Simmons for the type species Gibbago trianthemae. The latter was isolated from leaves of Trianthema portulacastrum. The genus is characterized by loosely fasciculate, erect conidiophores, polyblastic, sympodial conidiogenous cells and ellipsoid, beakless, transversely and longitudinally septate brown conidia. Its sexual morph has never been reported. We have re-studied the isotype specimen of Gibbago trianthemae under the code NY00945973. The genus Gibbago was accommodated in Pleosporaceae by Simmons (1986) based on its morphological similarities with the genus Alternaria, Embellisia, Ulocladium and Stemphylium and this was followed by Wijayawardene et al. (2014). Only ITS sequence data is available for the putative strains of Gibbago trianthemae GT-VM and NFCCI 1886. In a previous study by Ariyawansa et al. (2015b), the strains Gibbago trianthemae GT-VM and NFCCI 1886 formed a distinct lineage basal to Paradendryphiella and Pleospora with low boostrap support. In our study, after nucleotide blast using the Basic Local Alignment Search Tool, DNA sequence of strains of Gibbago trianthemae were highly similar to species in the family Pleosporaceae. In the phylogenetic analyses of the ITS sequences, the two strains Gibbago trianthemae GT-VM and NFCCI 1886 formed a independent clade basal to Exserohilum and Setosphaeria with moderate bootstrap support (Fig. 10). We therefore, transfer Gibbago to Pleosporaceae following Ariyawansa et al. (2015b).

 

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