Pleosporales » Phaeosphaeriaceae


Galiicola Tibpromma, Camporesi & K.D. Hyde, in Ariyawansa et al., Fungal Diversity (2015).

Index Fungorum number: IF 551383; Facesoffungi number: FoF 00923, 3 morphological species (Species Fungorum, 2022), 3 species with molecular data.

Saprobic on Galium. Sexual morph: Ascomata semi-immersed or erumpent, globose to subglobose, solitary, with a small central ostiole. Ostiole short, shiny, apapillate. Peridium composed of 3–5 layersof thin-walled, yellow to orange brown, flattened cells of textura angularis. Hamathecium comprising numerous, filamentous, branched, anastomosing, septate pseudoparaphyses. Asci 8-spored, bitunicate, cylindric-clavate, with short pedicel, apex rounded an ocular chamber. Ascospores overlapping 1−3-seriate, initially hyaline, becoming orange brown at maturity, elongate fusiform, with 4–5 transverse septate, some with 1–2 vertical septa, constricted at central septum, cell above central septum slightly swollen. Asexual morph: Conidiomata pycnidial, superficial, black, gregarious to solitary, unilocular, with an eccentric papillate ostiole. Pycnidial wall with thick outer layer, dark brown, 5–6 cell layered, with inner most layer hyaline, 2–3 cell layered, with cells of textura angularis. Conidiophores reduced to conidiogenous cells. Conidiogenous cells simple, smooth, hyaline, short, integrated, holoblastic to phialidic. Conidia pale brown, fusiform to cylindrical, with obtuse apex and base, 3–5-septate, discrete, smooth-walled, guttulate (Adapted from Ariyawansa et al., 2015).


Type species: Galiicola pseudophaeosphaeria Tibpromma, Camporesi & K.D. Hyde


Notes: The genus Galiicola was introduced in Ariyawansa et al. (2015) with G. pseudophaeosphaeria as type species based on morphology and multigene analysis. Wojnowicia dactylidicola was transferred to the genus Galiicola based on phylogeny (Thambugala et al. 2017) and later, Phookamsak et al. (2019), introduced G. baoshanensis which was found on dead branches of herbaceous plant. The members of Galiicola are saprobes and have been reported only from China and Italy. Recently, there are three species in this genus namely, G. baoshanensis, G. dactylidicola and G. pseudophaeosphaeria.  Molecular markers available for Galiicola include LSU, SSU, ITS, RPB2 and TEF-1.


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