Flavomyces fulophazii D.G. Knapp, Kovács, J.Z. Groenew. & Crous [as 'Flavomyces fueloephazae'], (2015).
= Flavomyces fueloephazae D.G. Knapp, Kovács, J.Z. Groenew. & Crous [as 'fulophazii'], in Knapp, Kovács, Zajta, Groenewald & Crous, Persoonia 35: 93 (2015).
Index Fungorum number: IF 810759; Facesoffungi number: FoFxxx
Description: see Knapp (2015).
Material examined: see Knapp (2015).
Importance and role
Importance of genus to ecosystem
Species of Flavomyces are root endophytes and protects the plants from herbivory by producing mycotoxins and other compounds (Faeth and Fagan 2002).
Industrial relevance and applications
Flavomyces produces tetramic acid and chlorinated azaphilone derivatives which might exhibit antibiotic and antiviral, cytotoxicity, mycotoxicity, as well as inhibition of the cell cycle.
No disease has been reported from Flavomyces.
Biochemical importance of the genus, chemical diversity or applications
Berek-Nagy et al. (2021) reported that Flavomyces fulophazii is an abundant source of tetramic acid and chlorinated azaphilone derivatives.
Diversity of the genus
Flavomyces comprises only one species known on root of Festuca vaginata in Hungary. The diversity of Flavomyces is still only poorly understood, and the lineage discovered so far represent only a small part of the true diversity of Flavomyces. Numerous taxa of Flavomyces remain to be described.
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