Parapyrenochaeta Valenz.-Lopez, Crous, Stchigel, Guarro & Cano., Stud. Mycol. 90: 64 (2018).
Index Fungorum number: IF 820319; Facesoffungi number: FoF 08323, 2 morphological species (Species Fungorum 2021), 2 species with molecular data.
Saprobic on host. Sexual morph: Unknown. Asexual morph: Conidiomata pycnidial, pale brown to brown, solitary, setose, globose, ostiolate. Pycnidial wall of textura angularis. Conidiogenous cells phialidic, ampulliform or lageniform. Conidia aseptate, hyaline, smooth- and thin-walled, allantoid or ellipsoidal (Adapted from Valenzuela-Lopez et al. 2018).
Type species: Parapyrenochaeta protearum (Crous) Valenz.-Lopez, Crous, Stchigel, Guarro & J.F. Cano
Notes: Parapyrenochaeta was introduced by Valenz.-Lopez et al. (2018) with P. protearum as type species. Parapyrenochaeta is characterized by producing single phialides covering the inner source of the pycnidia, and having small, aseptate, hyaline conidia, but is also similar to pyrenochaeta-like species owing to its setose pycnidia. Parapyrenochaeta is a distinct and well-supported lineage in Parapyrenochaetaceae.