Neopyrenochaeta acicola (Moug. & Lév.) Valenz. -Lopez, Crous, Stchigel, Guarro & Cano, in Valenzuela-Lopez et al., Stud. Mycol. 90: 54 (2017).
≡ Vermicularia acicola Moug. & Lév., Annls Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 3 9: 259 (1848).
Index Fungorum number: IF 820314; Facesoffungi number: FoF 11620, Fig. 1
Description: see Valenzuela-Lopez et al. (2017).
Material examined: see Valenzuela-Lopez et al. (2017).
Figure. 1. Neopyrenochaeta acicola (CBS 812.95). a, b Conidiogenous cells. c Conidia. Scale bars: a–c = 10 μm.
Importance and role
Importance of genus to ecosystem
Species of Neopyrenochaeta are saprobic helping in decomposition of organic matter and some taxa fungal plant pathogen causing leaf spot diseases.
Industrial relevance and applications
The industrial applications of Neopyrenochaeta have not been investigated.
Neopyrenochaeta might be of quarantine significance due to its pathogenic nature but this warrants further research.
Biochemical importance of the genus, chemical diversity or applications
The chemical diversity of Neopyrenochaeta has not been reported.
Diversity of the genus
Neopyrenochaeta comprises eleven species known on Chromolaena odorata (Asteraceae), Fragaria sp. (Rosaceae), from surface of cell phone, on fallen pod of Cercis chinensis (Fabaceae), submerged decaying wood, Protea neriifolia (Proteaceae) and from water pipe sample. Neopyrenochaeta is geographically distributed in Guizhou, India (Maharashtra), Netherlands, South Africa and Thailand. Neopyrenochaeta seems to comprise many more species that warrants investigation.
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