Pleosporales » Didymosphaeriaceae » Paraconiothyrium

Paraconiothyrium estuarinum

Paraconiothyrium estuarinum Verkley & Manuela Silva, in Verkley et al., Stud. Mycol. 50(2): 327 (2004).

Index Fungorum number: IF 500081; Facesoffungi number: FoF 00054, Fig. 1

Description: see Verkley et al. (2004).

Material considered: see Verkley et al. (2004).

Fig. 1 Conidia of Paraconiothyrium estuarinum (CBS H-10528, holotype; re-drawn from Verkley et al. 2004). Scale bar = 10 μm.

Importance and distribution

There are 25 Paraconiothyrium epithets in Index Fungorum (2022), but some have been transferred to Didymosphaeria, Paracamarosporium, Paraphaeosphaeria and Pseudocamarosporium. Paraconiothyrium comprises seventeen species known on several hosts in Fabaceae, Lycopodiaceae, Magnoliaceae, Poaceae, Rosaceae and Rubiaceae. Species of Paraconiothyrium are saprobic and seems to have acidophilic properties. Paraconiothyrium has a worldwide distribution. They have the ability to degrade polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in estuarine sediment polluted with industrial discharges (Verkley et al. 2004).



Ariyawansa HA, Tanaka K, Thambugala KM, Phookamsak R et al. 2014 – A molecular phylogenetic reappraisal of the Didymosphaeriaceae (= Montagnulaceae). Fungal Diversity 68, 69–104.

Verkley GJM, da Silva M, Wicklow DT, Crous PW. 2004a – Paraconiothyrium, a new genus to accommodate the mycoparasite Coniothyrium minitans, anamorphs of Paraphaeosphaeria, and four new species. Studies in Mycology 50, 323–335.


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