Neoascochyta exitialis (Morini) Qian Chen & L. Cai, in Chen, Jiang, Zhang, Cai & Crous, Stud. Mycol. 82: 200 (2015)
≡ Sphaerella exitialis Morini, Nuovo G. bot. ital. 18(1): 37 (1886)
Index Fungorum number: IF 814143; Facesoffungi number: FoF xxx, Fig. 1
Description: see Chen et al. (2015)
Material examined: see Chen et al. (2015)
Fig. 1. Neoascochyta exitialis (CBS 389.86, holotype; redrawn from Chen et al. 2015) a Conidia. Scale bar: a = 10 µm.
Importance and role
Importance of genus to ecosystem
Species of Neoascochyta are saprobic and are involved in nutrient recycling in the ecosystem. Some species are pathogenic and cause leaf scorch (Golzar et al. 2019).
Industrial relevance and applications
There are currently no industrial applications of Neoascochyta.
No biocontrol agent has been reported from Neoascochyta. Neoascochyta species cause leaf scorch on wheat in Australia (Golzar et al. 2019). They may have potential role in controlling some pathogens. Further studies are needed.
Biochemical importance of the genus, chemical diversity or applications
The chemical diversity of Neoascochyta has not been investigated.
Diversity of the genus
Neoascochyta comprises thirteen species known on two plant families namely Poaceae and Rosaceae. Neoascochyta has been reported from Buenos Aires, Free State, Germany, Great Britain, Guizhou, Italy, New Zealand, Norway, Romania, Thailand and United States. Many hosts and regions are still understudied for the genus. Many species of Neoascochyta can be discovered from future studies.
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