Ochrocladosporium elatum (Harz) Crous & U. Braun, in Crous, Braun, Schubert & Groenewald, Stud. Mycol. 58: 46 (2007)
≡ Hormodendrum elatum Harz, Bull. Soc. Imp. nat. Moscou 44(1): 140 (1871)
Index Fungorum number: IF 504438; Facesoffungi number: FoF xxx, Fig. 1
Description: see Crous et al. (2007)
Material examined: see Crous et al. (2007)
Fig. 1. Ochrocladosporium elatum (CBS 146.33; re-drawn from Crous and Braun 2007) a–c. Macro- and microconidiophore. d, e Ramoconidia and conidia. Scale bars: a–e = 10 μm.
Importance and role
Importance of genus to ecosystem
Species of Ochrocladosporium are saprobic and play a role in nutrient recycling in the ecosystem. Some species are also pathogenic, the cause of opportunistic mycoses and phaeoid agents of fungal melanonychia (Otasevic and Natasa 2007).
Industrial relevance and applications
Ochrocladosporium has the ability to cause discoloration of wood pulp (Melin and nannfeldt 1934).
No biocontrol agent has been reported from Ochrocladosporium. Further studies are needed.
Biochemical importance of the genus, chemical diversity or applications
No chemical has been yet reported from Ochrocladosporium. Ochrocladosporium may produce important enzymes or toxins that needs further investigation.
Diversity of the genus
Ochrocladosporium comprises three species. O. adansoniae was reported on stems of Adansonia digitate (Malvaceae) in South Africa, O. elatum was isolated from wood pulp in Sweden and O. frigidarii was isolated from a cooled room in Germany. Ochrocladosporium seems to have a diverse host and geographical distribution. Ochrocladosporium is an interesting genus which needs more species discovery.