Mycosphaerellales » Mycosphaerellaceae » Phaeophleospora

Phaeophleospora eugeniae

Phaeophleospora eugeniae Rangel, Arq. Mus. Nac. Rio de Janeiro 18(7-9): 162 (1917).

 Index Fungorum number: IF 174183; Facesoffungi number: FoF 11195, Fig. 1

 Description: see Quaedvlieg et al. (2014); Crous et al. (2015c); Guatimosim et al. (2016); Videira et al. (2017).

Material examined: see Quaedvlieg et al. (2014); Crous et al. (2015c); Guatimosim et al. (2016); Videira et al. (2017).

Fig. 1 Phaeophleospora eugeniae (re-drawn from Figs. 7–10 in Crous et al. 1997). a Vertical section through a pycnidium. b Original illustration provided by Rangel (1916) c, d Conidium and conidiogenous cells. Scale bars: a–d = 10 μm, b = 20 μm.

Importance and distribution

Species of Phaeophleospora are associated with leaf spot. There are 30 Phaeophleospora epithets in Index Fungorum (2022), but some have been transferred to other genera such as Septoria, Kirramyces, Teratosphaeria, Brunswickiella and Readeriella. Phaeophleospora comprises 19 species known on six plant families, Arecaceae, Myrtaceae, Plantaginaceae, Polypodiaceae, Proteaceae and Sapotaceae. Phaeophleospora is reported mainly from Africa (Réunion), Asia (Thailand), Europe (Switzerland), New Zealand and South America (Brazil).


Biochemical importance of the genus, chemical diversity or applications

Phaeophleospora vochysiae produces bioactive secondary metabolites such as cercoscosporin, isocercosporin, and 3-(sec-butyl)-6-ethyl-4,5-dihydroxy-2-methoxy-6-methylcyclohex-2-enone. The latter shows antimicrobial activity and low cytotoxicity (Savi et al. 2018). Phaeophleospora may produce a wide array of chemicals. More studies are needed.



Crous PW, Ferreira FA, Sutton BC. 1997 A comparison of the fungal genera Phaeophleospora and Kirramyces (coelomycetes). South African Journal of Botany 63, 111–115.

Crous PW, Wingfield MJ, Guarro J, Hernández-Restrepo M et al. 2015c – Fungal Planet description sheets: 320–370. Persoonia 34, 167–266.

Guatimosim E, Schwartsburd PB, Barreto RW. 2016 Novel fungi from an ancient niche: Cercosporoid and related sexual morphs on ferns. Persoonia 37, 106–141.

Quaedvlieg W, Binder M, Groenewald JZ, Summerell BA et al. 2014 – Introducing the consolidated species concept to resolve species in the Teratosphaeriaceae. Persoonia 33, 1– 40.

Rangel E. 1917 Algunos fungos nobas do Brasil. Archivos do Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro 2, 69–74.

Savi D, Shaaban K, Gos F, Ponomareva L, Thorson J, Glienke C, Rohr J. 2018 Phaeophleospora vochysiae Savi & Glienke sp. nov. Isolated from Vochysia divergens Found in the Pantanal, Brazil, produces Bioactive Secondary Metabolites. Scientific Reports 8, 3122.

Videira SIR, Groenewald JZ, Nakashima C, Braun U, Barreto RW, de Wit PJGM, Crous PW. 2017 – Mycosphaerellaceae - Chaos or clarity? Studies in Mycology 87, 257–421.



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