Mycosphaerellales » Mycosphaerellaceae » Neohortaea

Neohortaea acidophila

Neohortaea acidophila (Hölker, Bend, Pracht, Tetsch, Tob. Müll., M. Höfer & de Hoog) Quaedvl. & Crous, in Quaedvlieg et al., Persoonia 33: 27 (2014).

            ≡ Hortaea acidophila Hölker, Bend, Pracht, Tetsch, Tob. Müll., M. Höfer & de Hoog, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 86(4): 293 (2004).

            Index Fungorum number: IF 807810; Facesoffungi number: FoF 11418, Fig. 1

Description: see Hölker et al. (2004); Quaedvlieg et al. (2014).

Material examined: see Hölker et al. (2004); Quaedvlieg et al. (2014).


Fig. 1 Neohortaea acidophila (CBS 113389, redrawn from Hölker et al. 2004). Hyphae with annellated zones, and conidia. Scale bar = 10 µm.

Importance and distribution

Neohortaea comprises only one species isolated from extract of lignite in Europe (Germany). It is acidophilous and capable of growing in extreme environments. The cell wall provides protection from adverse environmental conditions such as extreme pH, temperature and toxins (Jacobson et al. 1995).



De Hoog GS, Guarro J, Gene J. 2000 – Atlas of clinical fungi, 2nd ed. Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures, Utrecht and Universitat Rovira I Virgili, Reus, Universitat Rovira i Virgili.

Formoso A, Heidrich D, Felix CR, Tenorio AC et al. 2015 – Enzymatic activity and susceptibility to antifungal agents of Brazilian environmental isolates of Hortaea werneckii. Mycopathologia 180, 345–352.

Helan M, Rani SU, Ramesh T, Subramanian J, Kalaiselvam M. 2013 – Production and Characterization of Melanin Pigment from Halophilic Black Yeast Hortaea werneckii. International Journal of Pharma Research & Review 2, 9–17.

Hölker U, Bend J, Pracht R, Tetsch L, Müller T, Höfer M, Hoog S. 2004 – Hortaea acidophila, a new acid-tolerant black yeast from lignite. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 86, 287–294.

Kutty S, Lawman D, Singh B, Philip R. 2013 – Black yeasts from the slope sediments of Bay of Bengal: phylogenetic and functional characterization. Mycosphere 4, 346–361.

Plemenitas A, Vaupotic T, Lenassi M, Kogej T, Gunde-Cimerman N. 2008 Adaptation of extremely halotolerant black yeast Hortaea werneckii to increased osmolarity: a molecular perspective at a glance. Studies in Mycology 61, 67–75.

Quaedvlieg W, Binder M, Groenewald JZ, Summerell BA et al. 2014 – Introducing the consolidated species concept to resolve species in the Teratosphaeriaceae. Persoonia 33, 1–40.

Saleh H, Abd Elrazak A, Elsayed A, Osman Y. 2018 – Exploring Antimicrobial Potentials of Melanin from A Black Yeast Strain. Journal of Biology and Life Science 9, 24.

Tetsch L, Bend J, Hölker U. 2006 – Molecular and enzymatic characterization of extra- and intracellular laccases from the acidophilic ascomycete Hortaea acidophila. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 90, 183–194.

Tetsch L, Bend J, Janssen M, Hölker U. 2005 Evidence for functional laccases in the acidophilic ascomycete Hortaea acidophila and isolation of laccase-specific gene fragments. FEMS microbiology letters, 245, 161–168.


About Dothideomycetes

The website provides an up-to-date classification and account of all genera of the class Dothideomycetes.

Mushroom Research Foundation


Published by the Mushroom Research Foundation 
Copyright © The copyright belongs to the Mushroom Research Foundation. All Rights Reserved.