Mycosphaerellales » Mycosphaerellaceae


Cercosporidium Earle, Muhlenbergia 1(2): 16 (1901).

Index Fungorum number: IF 7547; Facesoffungi number: FoF 08485, 10 morphological species (Species Fungorum 2021), 2 species with molecular data.

Foliicolous. Mycelium internal, hyaline to pale olivaceous brown, or dark brown. Sexual morph: Unknown. Asexual morph: Stromata small to developed, olivaceous brown to brown. Conidiophores solitary or in fascicles, micro- to macronematous, sometimes irregular in width, very pale to olivaceous brown, smooth to rough, simple or branched, straight to geniculate-sinuous, sometimes reduced to conidiogenous cells. Conidiogenous cells terminal, proliferation sympodial or percurrent, mono- or polyblastic, with conidiogenous loci slightly to distinctly thickened and darkened. Conidia solitary in vivo, rarely catenate in vitro, hyaline to pale olivaceous, smooth to verruculose, thick-walled, cylindrical, ovoid, obovoid or obclavate, straight or slightly curved, slightly thickened, truncate or short obconical truncate at the base, broadly rounded or beak-like at the apex, euseptate, hilum thickened, darkened and refractive (adapted from Videira et al. 2017).


Type species: Scolicotrichum euphorbiae Tracy & Earle


Notes: Though Earle (1901) selected Scoletotrichum euphorbiae as the type species of Cercosporidium, the combination was not validly published in the genus. A revised description of the genus was published by Deighton (1967) and a combination of the older name Cladosporium chaetomium was introduced. This treatment was followed by several authors (Baker et al. 2000; Crous and Braun 2003). Braun et al. (2013) mentioned Cercosporidium helleri Earle as the type species of Cercosporidium. The status of the genus Cercosporidium underwent debate for several years. Arx (1983), Castaneda and Braun (1989) and Braun (1995) argued that Cercosporidium is a synonym of Passalora. Pons and Sutton (1996), Baker et al. (2000) reported that Cercosporidium is a distinct genus. Videira et al. (2017) resurrected Cercosporidium based on morphology and phylogeny with Scolicotrichum euphorbiae (= Cercosporidium chaetomium; Cladosporium chaetomium as the type species). Cercosporidium is characterised by a well-developed stroma, and geniculate-sinuous conidiophores with rim-like conidial loci, and conidia that are solitary, subcylindrical to obclavate, pale colored, reasonably thick-walled, smooth to verruculose surface, and darkened hila. Cercosporidium is a well-supported genus in Mycosphaerellaceae. Molecular markers available for Cercosporidium are ITS, LSU and RPB2.


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