Eremomycetales » Eremomycetales genus incertae sedis » Arthrographis

Arthrographis kalrae

Arthrographis kalrae (R.P. Tewari & Macph.) Sigler & J.W. Carmich. [as 'kalrai'], Mycotaxon 4(2): 360 (1976).

Oidiodendron kalrae R.P. Tewari & Macph. [as 'kalrai'], Mycologia 63(3): 603 (1971).

            Index Fungorum number: IF 309023; Facesoffungi number: FoF 11926, Fig. 1

Description: see Kang et al. (2010); López et al. (2014); Giraldo et al. (2013).

Material considered: see Kang et al. (2010); López et al. (2014); Giraldo et al. (2013).

Fig. 1 Arthrographis kalrae (≡ Oidiodendron kalrae ATCC 18434, re-drawn from Fig. 3, 4 in Tiwari and Macpherson 1971). a, Hyphae bearing conidiophores with several chains of conidia. Scale bars: = ×1600.

Importance and distribution

Sugiura and Hironaga (2010) reported a case of onychomycosis due to Arthrographis kalrae, which was isolated from soil. Arthrographis sp. produces laccase enzyme useful in bleaching of dye, bioremediation such as degradation of pollutants and xenobiotics, food industry such as bakery, beer and wine and synthesis of chemicals as well as construction of the cathode for fuel cells (Sonawane 2011). Arthrographis also produces xylanase and various enzymes (Okeke and Obi 1992). Xi et al. (2020) reported ethmoid sinusitis and ophthalmitis caused by Arthrographis kalrae in China. Arthrographis curvata is a promising fungal lipase producer for biotechnological applications (Aamri et al. 2020). One species Arthrographis cuboidea has been transferred to Scytalidium. Arthrographis comprises eleven species known from marine sediment and human nails in Europe (Spain), human urine, human sputum, bronchial wash, human foot in The United States (Florida, New York, Texas, Utah respectively), on wood chips and bark of Coniferae, in galleries of Ips latidens, in Pinus contorta var. latifolia (Pinaceae) in South America (Canada) and Vitis sp. (Vitaceae) in Asia (China).



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Xi L, Fukushima K, Lu C, Takizawa K, Liao R, Nishimura K. 2004 – First case of Arthrographis kalrae ethmoid sinusitis and ophthalmitis in the People's Republic of China. Journal of clinical microbiology 42, 4828–4831.


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