Nematostoma artemisiae Syd. & P. Syd., Annls mycol. 12(2): 161 (1914).
Index Fungorum number: IF 249201; Facesoffungi number: FoF 03699, Fig. 1
Description: see Boonmee et al. (2017).
Material examined: see Boonmee et al. (2017).
Fig. 1. Nematostoma artemisiae (re-drawn from Sydow and Sydow 1914). a. Appearance of immature ascoma. b. Ascoma with long apical setae and ostiole. c. Apex of the perithecium from the side. d. Asci. e. Ascospores.
Importance and role
Importance of genus to ecosystem
Species of Nematostoma are parasitic and can attack living hosts, penetrate the outer defenses, invade them, and obtain nutrition from living cytoplasm, thereby causing disease and sometimes death of the host (Clark 2018).
Industrial relevance and applications
The industrial applications of Nematostoma has not been investigated.
The biocontrol properties of Nematostoma has not been studied.
Biochemical importance of the genus, chemical diversity or applications
The chemical application of Nematostoma has not been studied. Nematostoma may produce important enzymes and toxins. Fresh cultures are needed for further studies.
Diversity of the genus
Nematostoma comprises 17 species known several host plants such as Asteraceae, Campanulaceae, Dilleniaceae, Fabaceae, Lamiaceae, Malpighiaceae, Pinaceae, Primulaceae, Solanaceae, Verbenaceae. two species N. guianense and N. lantanae have been synonymized and transferred to another genera Hyalomeliolina and Nematostigma respectively. Nematostoma is reported from Australia, Brazil, China, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Florida, India, Japan, Malaysia, Missouri, Poland, Rhode Island. More species of Nematostoma are likely to be discovered in future studies.