Dothideomycetes » Perisporiopsidaceae


Citation: Pem D et al. (2019) Mycosphere Notes 275-324: A morphotaxonomic revision and typification of obscure Dothideomycetes genera (incertae sedis). Mycosphere 10(1), 1115–1246


Byssocallis Syd. Annls mycol. 25(1/2): 14 (1927)

Parasitic on mycelium of Meliolaceae on leaves of Phoebes jonduzii. Sexual morph: Ascomata superficial, distributed throughout upper and lower surface of leaf, solitary, subglobose-globose, light yellow to orange-brown, with an opening at the centre, concealed with light brown mycelia. Peridium comprising 3–4 layers of pale yellow cells of closely arranged textura angularis. Hamathecium 1–1.5 μm wide comprising numerous filiform, branched, septate pseudoparaphyses embedded in a gelatinous matrix. Asci 8-spored, bitunicate, cylindrical to clavate, slightly curved, short pedicellate, apically rounded with a small ocular chamber. Ascospores fusiform to clavate, upper part wider than lower part, 3-transversely septate, slightly constricted at the septa, hyaline to grayish, slightly granulated, smooth-walled. Asexual morph: Unknown.


Type species Byssocallis phoebes Syd.


NotesByssocallis was introduced with two species B. capensis (Doidge) Rossman and Byssocallis phoebes Syd. The genus is characterized by reticulate, branched, and septate hyphae with colorless mycelium covering the host. Perithecia are solitary to gregarious, superficial, ostiolate with smooth walls. Paraphyses are numerous, narrow, branched with mucous membrane. Asci are cylindrical, bitunicate, octosporous. Ascospores are clavate, narrowly fusiform, transverse, hyaline, and multiseptate with the ends often constricted. Species in Byssocallis were found similar to those in Melioliphila except they possess luteous granules in outer cell walls of the ascocarps and hyphae forming the stroma. Byssocallis was previously synonymised with Puttemansia by Petrak (1931) and Pirozynski (1977) based on the presence of apiculate ascospores (Rossman 1987). Byssocallis was accepted as a genus in Tubeufiaceae (Lumbsch & Huhndorf 2010). Upon further study, the genus Byssocallis was transferred to Dothideomycetes, genera incertae sedis (Hyde et al. 2013, Boonmee et al. 2014, Kirk et al. 2013, Wijayawardene et al. 2014). The asexual morph of this genus is unknown. We re-examined the syntype of Byssocallis phoebes and found similar morphological characters with species accommodated in the family Perisporiopsidaceae. Boonmee et al. (2017) revised the family Perisporiopsidaceae which is characterized by “superficial ascomata with surrounding mycelia, and ellipsoidal oblong, 1 or more septate, hyaline ascospores”. Therefore, the genus should be placed in Perisporiopsidaceae (= Parodiopsidaceae) based on morphology.



Boonmee S, Phookamsak R, Hongsanan S, Doilom M et al. 2017 – Mycosphere notes 51–101. Revision of genera in Perisporiopsidaceae and Pseudoperisporiaceae and other Ascomycota genera incertae sedis. Mycosphere 8, 1695–1801.

Boonmee S, Rossmana AY, Liu JK, Li WJ. 2014 – Tubeufiales, ord. nov., integrating sexual and asexual generic names. Fungal Diversity 68, 239–298.

Hyde KD, Jones EBG, Liu JK, Ariyawansa H et al. 2013 – Families of Dothideomycetes. Fungal Diversity 63, 1–313.

Kirk PM, Stalpers JA, Braun U, Crous PW et al. 2013 – A without prejudice list of generic names of fungi for protection under the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants. IMA Fungus 4, 381– 443.

Lumbsch HT, Huhndorf SM. 2010 – Outline of Ascomycota 2009. Myconet 14, 1–64.

Petrak F. 1931– Mykologische Notizen. Annales Mycologici 29, 339–397.

Pirozynski KA. 1977 – Notes on hyperparasitic Sphaeriales, Hypocreales and 'hypocreoid Dothideales'. Kew Bulletin 31, 595–610.

Rossman AY. 1987 – The Tubeufiaceae and similar Loculoascomycetes. Mycological Papers 157, 1–71.

Wijayawardene NN, Crous PW, Kirk PM, Hawksworth DL et al. 2014b – Naming and outline of Dothideomycetes–2014 including proposals for the protection or suppression of generic names. Fungal Diversity 69, 1–5.


About Dothideomycetes

The website provides an up-to-date classification and account of all genera of the class Dothideomycetes.

Mushroom Research Foundation


Published by the Mushroom Research Foundation 
Copyright © The copyright belongs to the Mushroom Research Foundation. All Rights Reserved.