Coccodothis sphaeroidea (Cooke) Theiss. & Syd., Annls mycol. 12(3): 271 (1914) Fig. 41, 42
º Dothidea sphaeroidea Cooke, Grevillea 7(no. 42): 50 (1878)
Index Fungorum number: IF 153862; Facesoffungi number: FoF 06230
Saprobic or parasitic on living leaves of Juniperus sp. Sexual morph: Ascostromata solitary, superficial to semi-immersed, epiphyllous, rarely hypophyllous, 70–102 µm high × 75–102 µm diam., semiorbicular to pulvinate, black. Peridium 10–17 µm, composed of isodiametric to polyhedric, dark brown, thick-walled cells of textura angularis, presence of 3–4 locules per ascostroma, separated from each other by a wall, 20–30 µm wide, composed of elongated, thick-walled, brown cells. Paraphyses 1–2 µm wide, becoming wider at their apices forming an epithecium, septate, hyaline. Asci 47–54 µm × 23–25 µm (x̅ = 50 × 25 µm, n = 20) bitunicate, fissitunicate, claviform, 8-spored with a distinct ocular chamber. Ascospores 18–20 µm × 8–10 µm (x̅ = 19 × 9 µm, n = 20), bi- to triseriate, 1–septate and constricted in their lower third, at first hyaline and covered by a mucous sheath, becoming brown with maturity, upper cell globose 9–13 µm diam., lower cell nearly globose 7–8 diam., wall smooth to slightly verrucose. Asexual morph: Undetermined.
Material examined – USA, Georgia, Darien, on living leaves of Juniperus sp. (Cupressaceae), 1993, H. W. Ravenel (S-F51270, isotype).
Economic significance – The genus Coccodothis comprises fungi which are parasitic on Juniperus species (Marmolejo et al. 1997).
Figure 41 – Section through a stroma of Coccodothis sphaeroidea. (redrawn from Muller & Sanwal 1954)