Dothideales » Saccotheciaceae

Aureobasidium

Aureobasidium Viala & G. Boyer, Rev. gén. Bot. 3: 371 (1891).

Index Fungorum number: IF 7297; Facesoffungi number: FoF 00098, 26 morphological species (Species Fungorum 2021), >7 species with molecular data.

Parasitic or saprobic on plants, fruits and pathogenic to human. Some plant pathogens form Kabatiella synanamorphs which cause leaf spots. They form sub circular irregular, amphigenous, necrotic, sunken, pale to medium brown leaf spots with a raised, dark brown margin. Stromata present or absent, visible in sub-stomatal cavity, hyaline or lightly pigmented, dark brown with globose to broadly ellipsoidal, round or elongated pseudo-parenchymatous cells when present. Colonies spreading, smooth, often covered with slimy masses of conidia, usually with sparse aerial mycelium; light brown, yellow, pink or black. Hyphae with cells commonly wider than long, hyaline, frequently soon becoming brown and thick-walled sometimes thin, smooth, transversely septate. Asexual morph: Conidiomata acervular to sporodochial, amphigenous, substomatal, subepidermal, pulvinate, dry or crystaline in appearance, pale brown, discrete. Conidiogenous cells on hyaline hyphae, lateral, terminal or intercalary, cylindrical, clavate or globose, integrated, terminal, with holoblastic, polyblastic conidiogenesis, with numerous synchronously produced conidia. Conidia blastic, hyaline to dark brown, smooth-walled, aseptate, straight, ellipsoidal to spherical, reniform to sickle-shaped, sometimes cylindrical with obtuse ends and occasionally with a slightly truncate base, rather variable in shape and size. Secondary conidia common; endoconidia often present. Occasionally dark, one or two celled arthroconidia are formed. Hyaline conidia one-celled, smooth, ellipsoidal, very variable in shape and size often with an indistinct hilum. Dark brown conidia 1–2-celled, two celled slightly constricted at septum. Sexual morph: See notes (Adapted from Hyde et al. 2013).

 

Type species: Aureobasidium pullulans (de Bary & Löwenthal) G. Arnaud

 

Notes: Aureobasidium was introduced by Viala and Boyer (1891) with A. vitis as type species. Aureobasidium is characterized by amphigenous, necrotic, sunken leaf spots, hyaline or lightly pigmented stromata, acervular to sporodochial, amphigenous conidiomata, cylindrical, clavate or globose conidiogenous cells, blastic, hyaline to dark brown conidia. The type specimen Aureobasidium vitis is lost. De Bary (1884) introduced Dematium pullulans. Arnaud (1910) considered Dematium pullulans and Aureobasidium vitis as the same species. Hermanides-Nijhof (1977) designated CBS 584.75 as the ex-neotype strain of A. pullulans and considered the latter as the oldest name for the type species of Aureobasidium. Thambugala et al. (2014) introduced the family Aureobasidiaceae to accommodate Aureobasidium. Aureobasidium is morphologically and phylogenetically a distinct genus in Aureobasidiaceae. However, Aureobasidiaceae had already been introduced by Ciferri (1958) and should be synonymized under Saccotheciaceae as the latter is the oldest name (Hongsanan et al. 2020). Thus, the genus Aureobasidium is currently placed in Saccotheciaceae.

 

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