Didymellopsis latitans (Nyl.) Sacc. ex Clem. & Shear, Gen. fung., Edn 2 (Minneapolis): 265 (1931)
≡ Obryzum latitans Nyl., Flora, Regensburg 68: 298 (1885)
Index Fungorum number: IF 431594; Facesoffungi number: FoF xxx, Fig. 1
Description: see Khodosovtsev and Klymenko (2015)
Material examined: see Khodosovtsev and Klymenko (2015)
Fig. 1. Didymellopsis latitans (CBS 123395; redrawn from Khodosovtsev and Klymenko 2015) a Part of bitunicate asci. b Ascospores. Scale bars a, b = 10 µm.
Importance and role
Importance of genus to ecosystem
Species of Didymellopsis are lichenicolous. As saprotrophs, they play a role in nutrient recycling in the ecosystem. They also live on lichens as host-specific parasites and in mutual relationship with cyanobacterial photobionts (Hawksworth et al. 2011).
Industrial relevance and applications
There are currently no industrial applications of Didymellopsis.
No biocontrol agent has been reported from Didymellopsis. Further studies are needed.
Biochemical importance of the genus, chemical diversity or applications
The chemical diversity of Didymellopsis has not been investigated.
Diversity of the genus
Didymellopsis comprises six species. All species in Didymellopsis have been reported on lichens with cyanobacterial photobionts. D. perigena has been found on Catapyrenium squamulosum (Verrucariaceae) which is associated with cyanobacteria surrounding the host thallus. D. nephromatis has been reported from Nephroma cellulosum (Nephromataceae). Didymellopsis has been reported in countries such as Ecuador and Rio. Comprehensive studies are likely to discover more species of Didymellopsis.