Teratosphaeria fibrillosa Syd. & P. Syd., Annls mycol. 10(1): 40 (1912)
Description: see Crous et al. (2009b); Hyde et al. (2013)
Material examined: see Crous et al. (2009b); Hyde et al. (2013)
Fig. 1. Teratosphaeria fibrillosa (CBS H-19913, re-drawn from Crous et al. 2009b). a Asci b Ascospores, usually becomes brown and verruculose. c–e (redrawn form Sydow and P. Sydow). c. Habit on leaves. d. Cross section through the ascostromata. e. Ascus. f. Ascospore. Scale bars: a, b = 10 µm.
Importance and role
Importance of genus to ecosystem
Species of Teratosphaeria are pathogenic and may cause wilting or death of plant substrates.
Industrial relevance and applications
There are currently no industrial applications of Teratosphaeria.
No disease has been reported from Teratosphaeria.
Biochemical importance of the genus, chemical diversity or applications
The chemical diversity of Teratosphaeria is not reported.
Diversity of the genus
Although there are 99 Teratosphaeria records in Index fungorum (2021), the actual number of species is less as many have been synonymized and transferred to other genera such as Acidomyces, Amycosphaerella, Austroafricana, Batcheloromyces, Mycosphaerella, Neodevriesia, Neotrimmatostroma, Parateratosphaeria, Parateratosphaeria, Readeriella, Suberoteratosphaeria and Xenoteratosphaeria. Teratosphaeria comprises 36 species known on nine different host plants and two plant families namely Amaryllidaceae and Myrtaceae. Teratosphaeria is reported mainly from Australia and South Africa. Many hosts and regions are still understudied for the genus Teratosphaeria and more studies are needed for discovery of new species.