Penidiella columbiana Crous & U. Braun, in Crous, Braun & Groenewald, Stud. Mycol. 58: 18 (2007)
Index Fungorum number: IF 504510; Facesoffungi number: FoF xxx, Fig. 1, 2
Description: see Crous et al. (2007).
Material examined: see Crous et al. (2007).
Fig. 1. Penidiella columbiana (CBS H-19937; re-drawn from Crous et al. 2007) a–d Conidiophores with chains of disarticulating conidia. Scale bars: a–d = 10 μm.
Fig. 2. Penidiella columbiana (type material). a. Conidiophores. b. Ramoconidia. c. Secondary conidia. Scale bar = 10 µm.
Importance and role
Importance of genus to ecosystem
Species of Penidiella are saprobic and may play a role in nutrient recycling in the ecosystem.
Industrial relevance and applications
No industrial application has been reported from Penidiella.
No biocontrol agent has been reported from Penidiella. Penidiella may have the ability to control some pathogens. Further studies are needed.
Biochemical importance of the genus, chemical diversity or applications
No chemical has been yet reported from Penidiella. Penidiella may produce important enzymes or toxins that needs further investigation.
Diversity of the genus
Although there are fifteen Penidiella epithets in index fungorum, the real number of species is less as many species have been synonymized and transferred to other genera such as Apenidiella, Eupenidiella, Myrtapenidiella, Neopenidiella, Parapenidiella, Penidiellomyces, Queenslandipenidiella and Xenopenidiella. Penidiella comprises four species known on four host plants and plant families namely Arecaceae, Asteraceae, Eriocaulaceae and Moraceae. Penidiella has been reported mainly from Colombia, Cuba, Northern Territory and Western Cape Province. More species of Penidiella can be discovered in future studies.