Neocercosporidium smilacis (Thüm.) U. Braun, C. Nakash., Videira & Crous, in Videira, Groenewald, Nakashima, Braun, Barreto, de Wit & Crous, Stud. Mycol. 87: 326 (2017).
≡ Cercospora smilacis Thüm., Inst. Rev. Cient. Litt., Coimbra 27: 14 (1879).
Index Fungorum number: IF 822765; Facesoffungi number: FoF xxx, Fig. 1
Description: see Braun et al. (2014); Videira et al. (2017).
Material examined: see Braun et al. (2014); Videira et al. (2017).
Fig. 1. Neocercosporidium smilacis (re-drawn from Passalora smilacis (HAL, Thüm., Mycoth. Univ. 1670) in Braun et al. 2014). a. Superficial hyphae. b. Superficial hypha with solitary conidiophore. c. Conidiophore fascicles. d. Conidiophores. e. Conidia. Scale bar = 10 µm.
Importance and role
Importance of genus to ecosystem
Species of Neocercosporidium are pathogenic and may cause leaf spot on host plants (Braun et al. 2014).
Industrial relevance and applications
No industrial use of Neocercosporidium have been reported.
No biocontrol agent from Neocercosporidium has been investigated. Neocercosporidium may have potential to control some pathogens. Further studies are needed.
Biochemical importance of the genus, chemical diversity or applications
Neocercosporidium may produce important compounds and toxins such as Dothistromin, a compound exhibiting broad range of toxicity against bacterial, fungal, plant and animal cells (Schwelm and Bradshaw 2010).
Diversity of the genus
Neocercosporidium comprises only one species known on Smilax host plants and Smilacaceae. Neocercosporidium seems to be host specific. Neocercosporidium is reported from Eastern states, Florida, Iowa, Libya, Minnesota, Mississippi, New York, Portugal, Spain, Texas, Venezuela, Wisconsin. More species of Neocercosporidium can be discovered from comprehensive studies.