Capnodiales » Teratosphaeriaceae » Friedmanniomyces

Friedmanniomyces endolithicus

Friedmanniomyces endolithicus Onofri, in Onofri et al., Hedwigia 68(1-2): 177 (1999).

            Index Fungorum number: IF 28325; Facesoffungi number: FoF 11377, Fig. 1

Description: see Selbmann et al. (2005).

Material examined: see Selbmann et al. (2005).

Fig. 1 Conidiophore of Friedmanniomyces endolithicus (CCFEE 5311, re-drawn from Fig. 1 in Coleine et al. 2020). a Mycelium. b 1–2 celled conidia. c Branched and unbranched conidia chains. d Multicellular conidia at different development stages. e Multicellular globose conidia. f Schizolytic conidium secession and enteroblastic proliferation from terminal conidium Scalebars: a = 20 µm, b–e =10 µm, f = 5 µm.

Importance and distribution

Friedmanniomyces species have been isolated from sandstone and are responsible for the discoloration and degradation of different types of stone (Ruibal et al. 2011). Friedmanniomyces comprises two species. Friedmanniomyces endolithicus was reported from pegmatite and F. simplex was isolated from sandstone, both found in Antarctica.



Coleine C, Masonjones S, Sterflinger K, Onofri S, Selbmann L, Stajich J. 2020 – Peculiar genomic traits in the stress-adapted cryptoendolithic Antarctic fungus Friedmanniomyces endolithicus. Fungal Biology 124, 458–467.

Onofri S, Pagano S, Zucconi L, Tosi S. 1999 Friedmanniomyces endolithicus (Fungi, Hyphomycetes), anam. gen. and sp. nov., from continental Antarctica. Nova Hedwigia 68, 175−181.

Ruibal C, Millanes AM, Hawksworth DL. 2011 Molecular phylogenetic studies on the lichenicolous Xanthoriicola physciae reveal Antarctic rock-inhabiting fungi and Piedraia species among closest relatives in the Teratosphaeriaceae. IMA fungus 2, 97–103.

Selbmann L, Hoog S, Mazzaglia A, Friedmann EI, Onofri S. 2005 – Fungi at the edge of life: Cryptoendolithic black fungi from Antarctic desert. Studies in Mycology 51, 1–32.


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