Capnodiales » Teratosphaeriaceae » Constantinomyces

Constantinomyces virgultus

Constantinomyces virgultus Egidi & Onofri, in Crous et al., Fungal Systematics and Evolution 3: 127 (2019).

            Index Fungorum number: IF 805321; Facesoffungi number: FoF 11371, Fig. 1

            Description: Egidi et al. (2014).

            Material examined: Egidi et al. (2014).

Fig. 1 Constantinomyces virgultus (CBS 117930 = TRN79; redrawn from Egidi et al. 2014). a Septate hypha. b Toruloid hyphae (arrow). Scale bars: = 10 µm.

Importance and distribution

Constantinomyces species are melanized rock inhabiting fungi and show stress tolerance and substrate interaction abilities (Ruibal et al. 2018). They are active agents and cause noticeable change patterns and exfoliation of stone monuments (Onofri et al. 2014). Constantinomyces comprises four species reported from Europe (Spain (Beleares)).



Egidi E, Hoog S, Isola D, Onofri S et al. 2014 – Phylogeny and taxonomy of meristematic rock-inhabiting black fungi in the Dothideomycetes based on multi-locus phylogenies. Fungal Diversity 65, 127–165.

Onofri S, Selbmann L, Isola D, Zucconi L. 2014 – Rock-inhabiting fungi and their role in deterioration of stone monuments in the Mediterranean area. Plant Biosystems 148, 384–391.

Quaedvlieg W, Binder M, Groenewald JZ, Summerell BA et al. 2014 – Introducing the consolidated species concept to resolve species in the Teratosphaeriaceae. Persoonia 33, 1– 40.

Ruibal C, Selbmann L, Avci S, Martin-Sanchez P, Gorbushina A. 2018 – Roof-Inhabiting Cousins of Rock-Inhabiting Fungi: Novel Melanized Microcolonial Fungal Species from Photocatalytically Reactive Subaerial Surfaces. Life 8, 30.


About Dothideomycetes

The website provides an up-to-date classification and account of all genera of the class Dothideomycetes.

Mushroom Research Foundation


Published by the Mushroom Research Foundation 
Copyright © The copyright belongs to the Mushroom Research Foundation. All Rights Reserved.