Acidiella bohemica Hujslová & M. Kolařík, in Hujslová et al., Fungal Diversity 58: 39 (2012) .
Index Fungorum number: IF 564519; Facesoffungi number: FoF 11358, Fig. 1
Description: see Hujslová et al. (2013); Quaedvlieg et al. (2014); Crous et al. (2017).
Material examined: see Hujslová et al. (2013); Quaedvlieg et al. (2014); Crous et al. (2017).
Fig. 1 Acidiella bohemica (redrawn from Hujslová et al. 2013). Thin and thick-walled mycelium converting into arthroconidia. Scalebar = 10 μm.
Importance and distribution
Acidiella species are acidophilous fungi, and play a role in decomposition in acidophilic food web (Das et al. 2009). They also provide support and help to anchor prokaryotes in sediments (Hujslová et al. 2017). Acidiella comprises three species. Acidiella americana was isolated from wall of a cooling tower. Acidiella bohemica was found from extremely acidic (pH 2.2–2.5) soil while Acidiella uranophila was discovered from raffinate of uranium mine in Australia (Northern Territory). Acidiella is reported from Australia, Europe (Czech Republic) and the United States (New Jersey).
Industrial relevance and applications
Species of Acidiella are potential source of enzymes and other metabolites which can be used in bioremediation (Hujslová et al. 2017).
Biochemical importance of the genus, chemical diversity or applications
Acidiella may express glycosyl hydrolases, secondary metabolites and acidophilic biofilms (Husjlova et al. 2019).
Crous PW, Wingfield MJ, Burgess TI, Hardy GESJ et al. 2017 – Fungal Planet description sheets: 558–624. Persoonia 38, 240–384.
Das BK, Roy A, Koschorreck M, Mandal SM, Wendt-Potthoff K, Bhattacharya J. 2009 – Occurrence and role of algae and fungi in acid mine drainage environment with special reference to metals and sulfate immobilization. Water research 43, 883–894.
Hujslová M, Kubátová A, Bukovská P, Chudíčková M, Kolarik M. 2017 – Extremely Acidic Soils are Dominated by Species-Poor and Highly Specific Fungal Communities. Microbial Ecology 73, 321–337.
Hujslová M, Kubátová A, Kostovcik M, Blanchette R, De Beer ZW, Chudíčková M, Kolarik M. 2014 – Three new genera of fungi from extremely acidic soils. Mycological Progress 13, 1–13.
Hujslová M, Kubátová A, Kostovčík M, Kolařík M. 2013 – Acidiella bohemica gen. et sp. nov. and Acidomyces spp. (Teratosphaeriaceae), the indigenous inhabitants of extremely acidic soils in Europe. Fungal Diversity 58, 33–45.
Quaedvlieg W, Binder M, Groenewald JZ, Summerell BA et al. 2014 – Introducing the consolidated species concept to resolve species in the Teratosphaeriaceae. Persoonia 33, 1– 40.
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