Eriocercospora balladynae (Hansf.) Deighton, Mycol. Pap. 118: 6 (1969).
≡ Helminthosporium balladynae Hansf., Proc. Linn. Soc. London 157: 39 (1945) [1944-45].
Index Fungorum number: IF 330687; Facesoffungi number: FoFxxx, Fig. 1
Description: see Braun (2013).
Material examined: see Braun (2013).
Fig. 1. Eriocercospora balladynae (562c, holotype; redrawn from Fig. 2, the type of Helminthosporium balladynae in Deighton 1969). a, b. Conidiophores giving rise to conidia. c. Conidia. Scale bars = 10 μm.
Importance and role
Importance of genus to ecosystem
Species of Eriocercospora are hyperparasitic on leaves. Severely infected leaves may die or look like light tan to straw-coloured (Huang et al. 2019).
Industrial relevance and applications
The industrial applications of Eriocercospora has not been investigated.
The biocontrol properties of Eriocercospora has not been reported.
Biochemical importance of the genus, chemical diversity or applications
The chemical application of Eriocercospora has not been studied. Eriocercospora may produce important enzymes and toxins. Fresh cultures are needed for further research.
Diversity of the genus
Even though there are five Eriocercospora epithets in Index fungorum, the real number of species is less as two species namely E. maughaniae and E. websteri have been synonymized and transferred to another genus Pseudocercospora. Eriocercospora comprises three species. E. balladynae is hyperparasitic on Asterina hendersonii (Asterinaceae), Balladyna sp. (Balladynaceae), Balladynocallia glabra (Parodiopsidaceae), Camellia thea (Theaceae), Dipterocarpus sp. (Dipterocarpaceae), Grumilea succulenta (Rubiaceae), Ilex mitis (Aquifoliaceae) and Passiflora foetida (Passifloraceae). E. olivacea is hyperparasitic on Syzygium grande (Myrtaceae). E. palustris is hyperparasitic on Chrysobalanus icaco (Chrysobalanaceae). Eriocercospora has been reported from Brazil, Cuba, Hong Kong, India, Myanmar, Papua New Guinea, South Africa, Cape Province and Uganda. More species of Eriocercospora can be discovered in future studies.