Capnodiales » Mycosphaerellaceae » Dothistroma

Dothistroma pini

Dothistroma pini Hulbary, Bull. Ill. St. nat. Hist. Surv. 21(7): 235 (1941).

            Index Fungorum number: IF 286227; Facesoffungi number: FoF 03699, Fig. 1

Description: see Sutton (1980); Barnes et al. (2016); Videira et al. (2017).

Material examined: see Sutton (1980); Barnes et al. (2016); Videira et al. (2017).

 

 

Fig. 1. Dothistroma pini (re-drawn from Barnes et al. 2016). a, b. conidiophores with conidia. c, d. Morphology of conidia showing multiple septa. Scale bars = 5 μm.

 

Importance and role

Importance of genus to ecosystem

Species of Dothistroma are pathogenic and is mainly responsible for a disease of the genus Pinus (Barnes et al. 2014). The fungus kills pine needles and affects pine tree growth (Piou and Ioos 2014).

 

Industrial relevance and applications

The industrial applications of Dothistroma has not been investigated.

 

Quarantine significance

No biocontrol agent from Dothistroma has not been reported. Dothistroma may have potential to control some pathogens.

 

Biochemical importance of the genus, chemical diversity or applications

Dothistroma produces numerous chemicals including a red toxin, dothistromin, that is chemically related to aflatoxin (AF) and sterigmatocystin (ST) (Schwelm and Bradshaw 2010).

 

Diversity of the genus

Dothistroma comprises three species known on several host plants and one plant family namely Pinaceae. Dothistroma seems to be specific to Pinaceae. Dothistroma have been reported in several countries such as Iowa, China, France, Hungary, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, llinois, Maryland, Michigan, Nebraska, New Zealand, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Ukraine, United States, Zimbabwe amongst others. Comprehensive studies are likely to discover more species of Dothistroma.

 

 

 

 

 

 

About Dothideomycetes

The website Dothideomycetes.org provides an up-to-date classification and account of all genera of the class Dothideomycetes.

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