Dothistroma pini Hulbary, Bull. Ill. St. nat. Hist. Surv. 21(7): 235 (1941).
Index Fungorum number: IF 286227; Facesoffungi number: FoF 03699, Fig. 1
Description: see Sutton (1980); Barnes et al. (2016); Videira et al. (2017).
Material examined: see Sutton (1980); Barnes et al. (2016); Videira et al. (2017).
Fig. 1. Dothistroma pini (re-drawn from Barnes et al. 2016). a, b. conidiophores with conidia. c, d. Morphology of conidia showing multiple septa. Scale bars = 5 μm.
Importance and role
Importance of genus to ecosystem
Species of Dothistroma are pathogenic and is mainly responsible for a disease of the genus Pinus (Barnes et al. 2014). The fungus kills pine needles and affects pine tree growth (Piou and Ioos 2014).
Industrial relevance and applications
The industrial applications of Dothistroma has not been investigated.
No biocontrol agent from Dothistroma has not been reported. Dothistroma may have potential to control some pathogens.
Biochemical importance of the genus, chemical diversity or applications
Dothistroma produces numerous chemicals including a red toxin, dothistromin, that is chemically related to aflatoxin (AF) and sterigmatocystin (ST) (Schwelm and Bradshaw 2010).
Diversity of the genus
Dothistroma comprises three species known on several host plants and one plant family namely Pinaceae. Dothistroma seems to be specific to Pinaceae. Dothistroma have been reported in several countries such as Iowa, China, France, Hungary, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, llinois, Maryland, Michigan, Nebraska, New Zealand, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Ukraine, United States, Zimbabwe amongst others. Comprehensive studies are likely to discover more species of Dothistroma.