Clarohilum henningsii (Allesch.) Videira & Crous, in Videira, Groenewald, Nakashima, Braun, Barreto, de Wit & Crous, Stud. Mycol. 87: 334 (2017).
≡ Cercospora henningsii Allesch., in Hennings, Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas Nachbarg., Teil C: 35 (1895)
Index Fungorum number: IF 822748; Facesoffungi number: FoF 03699, Fig. 1
Description: see Videira et al. (2017).
Material examined: see Videira et al. (2017).
Fig. 1. Clarohilum henningsii (CPC 17314; re-drawn from Videira et al. 2017). a–c. Observations in vivo. a, b. Conidiophores and conidiogenous cells. c. Single conidia. d–i. Observations in vitro. d–h. Partial conidiophore, conidiogenous cell and conidia. i. Single conidia. Drawings of the sexual morph (from Crous and Braun 2003). Scale bars: = 10 µm.
Importance and role
Importance of genus to ecosystem
Species of Clarohilum are phytopathogenic, causing leaf spots on hosts.
Industrial relevance and applications
The industrial applications of Clarohilum has not been investigated.
The biocontrol properties of Clarohilum has not been reported.
Biochemical importance of the genus, chemical diversity or applications
The chemical application of Clarohilum has not been studied.
Diversity of the genus
Clarohilum comprises only one species known on Manihot spp. (Euphorbiaceae). Clarohilum seems to be host specific. Clarohilum has a worldwide distribution such as Australia, Barbados, Bolivia, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, China , Colombia, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Africa, El Salvador, Fiji, Florida, Ghana, Guinea, Haiti, India, Jamaica, Malawi, Malay, Malaysia, Mauritius, New Caledonia, Nicaragua, Nigeria , Niue, Panama, Peninsula, Philippines , Sierra Leone, Singapore , Southern Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Texas, Thailand , Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela , Virgin Islands, Zambia, Zimbabwe amongst others. More species of Clarohilum are likely to be discovered in future studies.