Capnodiales » Mycosphaerellaceae » Cercosporidium

Scolicotrichum euphorbiae

Scolicotrichum euphorbiae Tracy & Earle, Bull. Torrey bot. Club 23(5): 209 (1896).

            Index Fungorum number: IF 152313; Facesoffungi number: FoFxxx, Fig. 1

Description: see Videira et al. (2017).

Material examined: see Videira et al. (2017).

 

 

Fig. 1. Cercosporidium chaetomium (CBS 142177; re-drawn from Videira et al. 2017).  a–c. Observations in vivo. a. Conidiophores, conidiogenous cells and conidia. b. Conidiophores and conidiogenous cells. c. Single conidia. d–g. Observations in vitro. d. Conidiophore and conidiogenous cell. e–g. Conidiophore, conidiogenous cell and conidia. Scale bars = 10 μm.

 

Importance and role

Importance of genus to ecosystem

Species of Cercosporidium are foliicolous. They can form leaf spots on surface of leaves and sometimes affect the rate of photosynthesis.

 

Industrial relevance and applications

The industrial applications of Cercosporidium has not been investigated.

 

Quarantine significance

The biocontrol properties of Cercosporidium has not been reported.

 

Biochemical importance of the genus, chemical diversity or applications

The chemical application of Cercosporidium has not been studied. Cercosporidium may produce important enzymes and toxins. This warrants further studies.

 

Diversity of the genus

Even though there are 66 records of Cercosporidium in Index fungorum (2021), the real number of species is less as many have been synonymized and transferred to other genera such as Cercospora, Clarohilum, Fusicladium, Fusoidiella, Graminopassalora, Mycovellosiella, Nothopassalora, Passalora, Phaeoisariopsis, Pseudocercospora. Cercosporidium comprises 10 species known on several host plants and plant families namely Apiaceae, Apocynaceae, Araceae, Asteraceae, Balsaminaceae, Boraginaceae, Cornaceae, Dioscoreaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Fabaceae, Leguminosae, Nyctaginaceae, Phyllanthaceae, Poaceae amongst others.  Cercosporidium has been reported from Alabama, Algeria, Asia, Brazil, Bulgaria, California, China, Colombia, Cyprus, India, Iowa, Jamaica, Kansas, Mississippi, Nebraska, New Jersey, Ohio, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Tanzania, Venezuela, West Indies amongst others. Comprehensive studies are likely to discover more species of Cercosporidium but DNA sequence data is necessary for species delimitation due to complexity of the genus.

 

About Dothideomycetes

The website Dothideomycetes.org provides an up-to-date classification and account of all genera of the class Dothideomycetes.

Mushroom Research Foundation

Contact



Published by the Mushroom Research Foundation 
Copyright © The copyright belongs to the Mushroom Research Foundation. All Rights Reserved.