Biharia vangueriae Thirum. & Mishra, Sydowia 7(1-4): 79 (1953).
≡ Zasmidium vangueriae (Thirum. & Mishra) Kamal, Cercosporoid Fungi of India (Dehra Dun): 252 (2010).
Index Fungorum number: IF 805835; Facesoffungi number: FoFxxx, Fig. 1
Description: see Thirumalachar and Mishra (1953).
Material examined: see Thirumalachar and Mishra (1953).
Fig. 1. Biharia vangueriae (leg. J.N Mishra, holotype; re-drawn from Thirumalachar and Mishra 1953). a. Hypostroma with conidiophores and conidia. b. Conidia.
Importance and role
Importance of genus to ecosystem
Species of Biharia are saprobic or pathogenic on host. As saprobes they help maintain the nutrient cycle by decomposing organic matter. As pathogen, they may show as leaf spot.
Industrial relevance and applications
The industrial applications of Biharia has not been investigated.
The biocontrol properties of Biharia has not been reported.
Biochemical importance of the genus, chemical diversity or applications
The chemical application of Biharia has not been studied.
Diversity of the genus
Biharia comprises two species known on Cassia fistula (Fabaceae), Cedrela Mexicana and Cedrela odorata (Meliaceae), Elaeis guineensis (Arecaceae), Eucalyptus torelliana (Myrtaceae), Plumeria acutifolia (Apocynaceae) and Vangueria spinosa (Meliaceae). Biharia has been reported from India, Ghana, Papua New Guinea, Malaysia, Venezuela and India. The diversity of Biharia is still poorly understood. Comprehensive studies are needed to discover more species of Biharia and molecular data is required for this genus.