Annellophora solani (Syd.) S. Hughes, Trans. Br. mycol. Soc. 34(4): 544 (1952) .
≡ Chaetotrichum solani Syd., Annls mycol. 25(1/2): 150 (1927).
Index Fungorum number: IF 292552; Facesoffungi number: FoF xxx, Fig. 1
Description: see Hughes (1951); Videira et al. (2017).
Material examined: see Hughes (1951); Videira et al. (2017).
Fig. 1. Annellophora solani (re-drawn from Hughes et al. 2017). a. Tuft of larch needles, the greater number of which are more or less attacked by Sphaerella laricina. b. The rod-shaped conidia infect mainly the lower needles of the crown, and three weeks afterwards new conidial cushions.
Importance and role
Importance of genus to ecosystem
Species of Annellophora are foliicolous and play essential roles in ecological systems in terms of global chemical cycling, decomposition, nutrient attainment in symbiosis and pathogenicity (Martin et al. 2011; Taylor et al. 2012).
Industrial relevance and applications
The industrial applications of Annellophora has not been investigated.
The biocontrol properties of Annellophora has not been studied.
Biochemical importance of the genus, chemical diversity or applications
No chemical has been reported from Annellophora. Annellophora may produce important enzymes and toxins. Fresh cultures are needed for further studies.
Diversity of the genus
Even though, there are 14 Annellophora epithets in Index fungorum, the real number of species is less as two A. appendiculata and A. indica have been synonymized and transferred to other genera such as Repetophragma, Teratosperma respectively. Annellophora comprises 11 species known on Larix decidua (Pinaceae) in Switzerland. Annellophora has been reported from several host plants such as Araceae, Arecaceae, Asteraceae, Gentianaceae, Malvaceae, Myrtaceae, Phyllanthaceae, Poaceae, Rosaceae, Rubiaceae, Rutaceae, Solanaceae amongst others. Annellophora has a worldwide distribution mainly Costa Rica, Ecuador, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, New Guinea, Sierra Leone, Texas amongst others. Comprehensive studies are likely to discover more species of Annellophora.