Annellophora S. Hughes, Trans. Br. mycol. Soc. 34(4): 544 (1952) .
Mycelium superficial, foliicolous, solitary or in association with Cyanophyceae, Asterineae or Meliolineae composed of hyaline to brown septate, branched hyphae. Conidiophores simple, straight or curved, more or less cylindrical, septate, brown below, paler above, elongating by numerous successive cylindrical proliferations through the successive conidial scars, finally giving the upper part of conidiophore an annellate appearance. They arise directly from a repent hypha as as lateral branch. Conidia obclavate to fusiform, 3 to 7 septate, pale brown to brown, paler at the apex with or without a single basal and lateral cellular appendage, arising singly and solitarily as blown-out ends of the apex of the conidiophore and its successive proliferations (Adapted from Hughes 1951).
Type species: Annellophora solani (Syd.) S. Hughes
Notes: Annellophora was introduced by Hughes (1951) with A. solani as type species. Annellophora is characterized by brownish hypophyllous colonies without causing any discoloration of the leaf. The phylogenetic position of Annellophora is unknown because molecular data is lacking. Annellophora species are only known by their hyphomycetous sporidesmium-like asexual morph (Seifert et al. 2011). Cultures and sequence data are essential to define its phylogenetic position.