Pseudofusicoccum stromaticum (Mohali, Slippers & M.J. Wingf.) Mohali, Slippers & M.J. Wingf., in Crous, Slippers, Wingfield, Rheeder, Marasas, Phillips, Alves, Burgess, Barber & Groenewald, Stud. Mycol. 55: 249 (2006)
≡ Fusicoccum stromaticum Mohali, Slippers & M.J. Wingf., Mycol. Res. 110(4): 408 (2006).
Index Fungorum number: IF 500885; Facesoffungi number: FoF xxx, Fig. 1
Description: see Crous et al. (2006).
Material examined: see Crous et al. (2006).
Fig. 1. Pseudofusicoccum stromaticum (CBS 117448; re-drawn from Mohali et al. 2006). a. Conidiogenous cells. b, c = Conidia. Scale bars: a–c = 5 µm
Importance and role
Importance of genus to ecosystem
Species of Pseudofusicoccum are pathogenic producing different diseases such as cankers, dieback and rot in Acacia, Eucalyptus, Pinus, avocado, grapevine, mango, olive and stone fruit (Trakunyingcharoen et al. 2015). Some members are endophytes or opportunistic pathogens. As endophytes, they can colonize plant tissues and use plant cell components in vitro (Nair and Padmavathy 2014). As opportunistic pathogen, they can cause latent infection of healthy plants and cause disease when the host plant comes under stress (Hardoim et al. 2015).
Industrial relevance and applications
Pseudofusicoccum produces large number of compounds such as saturated and unsaturated fatty acids, Ethyl palmitate, bisabolol, ethyl oleate, palmitic acid which are beneficial for pharmaceutical and industrial applications (Abba and Ezze 2020).
No biocontrol agent has been reported from Pseudofusicoccum. Endophytic Pseudofusicoccum species can be biocontrol agent against tan spot disease (Larran et al. 2016). This needs further studies.
Biochemical importance of the genus, chemical diversity or applications
Pseudofusicoccum produces various compounds, cyclopeptides and plant-related rotenoids, which are responsible for its antiproliferative effect (Sobreira et al. 2019).
Diversity of the genus
Pseudofusicoccum comprises only one species known on several host plant and plant families such as Calophyllaceae, Fabaceae, Malvaceae and Myrtaceae. Pseudofusicoccum is reported from Asia (Thailand), Australia, India. More species of Pseudofusicoccum can be discovered in future studies.